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Appliance Cleaning

This should be done thoroughly each day using a soft toothbrush and warm soapy water or specific denture cleaner if necessary. Do not use normal toothpaste as it is much too abrasive. Clean the appliance over a sink of water or a soft surface so that it will not be broken if dropped. Sonic cleaners are also available which can be very effective.

Space Maintainer

It is very often a small stainless steel wire and band joined together which is cemented on one of the teeth adjacent to a gap where a permanent tooth should be erupting. Occasionally a plastic plate may be used if more than one or two teeth are involved.

Rapid Maxillary Expander

A crossbite is when the teeth come together but either inside or totally outside their correct positions. The most common crossbite occurs when the top back teeth are inside the lowers usually on one side only.


Hawley Retainer

A Hawley Retainer is a removable brace made from plastic and stainless steel wire.

Bonded Wire Retainer

A bonded wire retainer is a small wire glued to the inside of the top or bottom front teeth.

White Brackets

White braces work in the same fashion as traditional metal brackets. All braces are designed to move your teeth using a small amount of directed force. Orthodontics can move teeth in almost any direction-in, out, up, down, right, left or twisted and turned.

Generally, brackets and bands are attached first, followed by an arch-wire that is installed along the brackets. Depending on how the braces are put on and what materials are used, pressure can be precisely directed to move the teeth. As the tooth moves, new bone gradually takes the place of old and secures its new position in the jaw. At the end of treatment, you will be left with a healthy, beautiful smile.

Damon Brackets

Damon brackets are similar to conventional braces; you still have metal brackets bonded to your teeth and a wire is used to align your teeth. Like conventional braces, the Damon system can be used to treat even the most severe cases of crowding, overbites, underbites, and even crossbites. The difference is that the Damon brackets are smaller and hold the wire without the use of elastics.

Removable Appliance

Removable appliances are used to move teeth with wire springs. These springs do not move teeth as accurately as braces do, so the use of removable appliances is limited to simple tooth movements, usually in children who are yet to lose all of their deciduous teeth.

The wire springs are attached to a smooth, pink, plastic supporting plate which is held securely in the mouth by wire clasps.

The removable appliance pictured on the right was used to push the two front teeth forwards.

Fixed Appliance

Your brace is made up of small brackets glued to your teeth. The brackets are handles used to hold your teeth and straighten them; the archwire, which runs through the brackets moves the teeth. We start with the most gentle archwire and gradually move up through five sizes. The archwire is held in place by tiny elastic bands, which come in different colours.


Invisalign makes the decision easy, you can get a great and healthy smile without people even noticing you're going through treatment.

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